Students will listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to enhance the clarity and artistry of communication.
Learning effective strategies for using language with precision, clarity and artistry is interrelated with learning in the other general outcomes. Students use exploratory language to discover and focus their communication (General Outcome 1). Oral, print and other media texts provide vicarious experiences and new perspectives that students use for speaking, writing and representing (General Outcome 2). Students locate, gather and organize data to communicate ideas and information (General Outcome 3). Creating and communicating with language enhance collaboration and build community (General Outcome 5).
As students use English language arts in a variety of contexts with instruction, encouragement and support, they revise and edit to clarify meaning, achieve purposes and affect audiences. In doing so, they apply the conventions of grammar, language usage, spelling, punctuation and capitalization. They develop an understanding of how language works and use the specialized vocabulary of English language arts. As well, they develop confidence and skill in sharing and responding to thoughts, ideas and experiences through informal and formal presentations.
In school and in daily life, students are required to communicate ideas and information using well-organized, clear and precise language. They use artistic language to create, to express who they are and what they feel, and to share their experiences with others in a variety of oral, print and other media texts.
It is intended that students engage in purposeful language arts activities that respect individual differences and emphasize the interrelated and mutually supportive nature of the general and specific outcomes.
4.1 Enhance and Improve
Appraise own and others’ work
- share sample treatments of a topic with peers, and ask for feedback on the relative effectiveness of each
- work collaboratively to make appropriate revisions based on feedback provided by peers
Revise and edit
- revise to ensure effective introductions, consistent points of view, effective transitions between ideas and appropriate conclusions
- revise to enhance effective transitions between ideas and maintain a consistent organizational pattern
- revise to combine narration, description and exposition effectively
- develop personal handwriting styles appropriate for a variety of purposes
- identify and experiment with some principles of design that enhance the presentation of texts
Expand knowledge of language
- distinguish between the denotative and connotative meaning of words, and discuss effectiveness for achieving purpose and affecting audience
- explore the derivation and use of words, phrases and jargon, including variations in language, accent and dialect in Canadian communities and regions
- experiment with the language and components of particular forms to communicate themes or represent the perspectives of a variety of people or characters
4.2 Attend to Conventions
Attend to grammar and usage
- identify and use parallel structure in own writing
- identify and use coordination, subordination, and apposition to enhance communication
- use a variety of strategies to make effective transitions between sentences and paragraphs in own writing
Attend to spelling
- demonstrate the deliberate, conscientious and independent application of a variety of editing and proofreading strategies to confirm spellings in own writing
- identify situations in which careful attention to correct spelling is especially important
- identify and use variant spellings for particular effects, depending on audience, purpose, content and context
Attend to capitalization and punctuation
- use quotation marks to distinguish words being discussed in own writing
- use dashes to show sentence breaks or interrupted speech, where appropriate in own writing
- know that rules for punctuation can vary, and adjust punctuation use for effect in own writing
4.3 Present and Share
- select, organize and present information to appeal to the interests and background knowledge of various readers or audiences
- choose appropriate types of evidence and strategies to clarify ideas and information, and to convince various readers and audiences
Use effective oral and visual communication
- integrate a variety of media and display techniques, as appropriate, to enhance the appeal, accuracy and persuasiveness of presentations
Demonstrate attentive listening and viewing
- follow the train of thought, and evaluate the credibility of the presenter and the evidence provided
- provide feedback that encourages the presenter and audience to consider other ideas and additional information