Students will listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to manage ideas and information.
The ability to manage information is important in school, in the workplace, on the land, and for personal growth and satisfaction. Students learn to access and communicate information through language arts. Viewing and representing take on new importance in managing ideas and information; through these language arts, students learn to enhance the clarity and effectiveness of communication. Students learn to interpret and analyze texts, considering such factors as author, purpose, audience and source. They learn to define the need for information, ask questions, and gather and evaluate information.
Students enhance their ability to manage ideas and information in collaboration with others. For example, they benefit from opportunities to engage in exploratory language to focus their research and determine the kind and amount of information needed to accomplish their various purposes, both artistic and functional. Students communicate ideas and information more effectively when they select forms and conventions appropriate to specific purposes, content and audiences. The use of technology enhances student opportunities to access, create and communicate ideas and information. Skill in managing ideas and exchanging information helps students encourage, support and work with others.
It is intended that students engage in purposeful language arts activities that respect individual differences and emphasize the interrelated and mutually supportive nature of the general and specific outcomes.
3.1 Plan and Focus
- synthesize ideas and information from a variety of sources to develop own opinions, points of view and general impressions
- assess adequacy, accuracy, detail and appropriateness of oral, print and other media texts to support or further develop arguments, opinions or points of view
Determine information needs
- select types and sources of information to achieve an effective balance between researched information and own ideas
Plan to gather information
- select information sources that will provide effective support, convincing argument or unique perspectives
3.2 Select and Process
Use a variety of sources
- obtain information reflecting multiple perspectives from a variety of sources, such as expository essays, graphs, diagrams, online catalogues, periodical indices, film libraries, electronic databases and the Internet, when conducting research
- expand and use a variety of tools and text features, such as organizational patterns of texts, page layouts, font styles and sizes, colour and voiceovers, to access information
- distinguish between primary and secondary sources, and determine the usefulness of each for research purposes
- follow up on cited references to locate additional information
- evaluate sources for currency, reliability and possible bias of information for a particular research project
3.3 Organize, Record and Evaluate
- organize ideas and information by developing and selecting appropriate categories and organizational structures
- balance all sections of oral, print and other media texts and ensure sentences, paragraphs and key ideas are linked throughout
- develop coherence by relating all key ideas to the overall purpose of the oral, print or other media text
- use own words to summarize and record information in a variety of forms; paraphrase and/or quote relevant facts and opinions; reference sources
- select and record ideas and information that will support an opinion or point of view, appeal to the audience, and suit the tone and length of the chosen form of oral, print or other media text
- choose specific vocabulary, and use conventions accurately and effectively to enhance credibility
- evaluate usefulness, relevance and completeness of gathered information; address information gaps
- reflect on new understanding and its value to self and others
3.4 Share and Review
Share ideas and information
- communicate ideas and information in a variety of oral, print and other media texts, such as media scripts, multimedia presentations, panel discussions and articles
- integrate appropriate visual, print and/or other media to reinforce overall impression or point of view and engage the audience
Review research process
- reflect on the research process, identifying areas of strength and ways to improve further research activities